Technology improvement and economic growth have made transportation, especially by airplanes, become much cheaper and affordable to a great many people, resulting in continuous increase in the number of people traveling. Over 3 billion passengers were carried by the world’s airlines in 2013, and tourism industry employs over 58 million people worldwide. The downside of this is its environmental impact. Travel requires fuel – for transportation like airplanes, cars, ferries, etc – as well as for generating electricity required by hotels and various accommodations as well as by various tourism activities. Thus, travel increases emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA), the trade association for the world’s airlines, reports the following:
Here is more interesting facts about the environmental impact of traveling from the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG): www.atag.org/facts-and-figures.html
As awareness and the need for more environmentally friendly activities increase, people are becoming more interested to understand and measure the emission resulting from their traveling activities, also known as their carbon footprint. A carbon footprint comprises of both direct footprint from burning fossil fuels, and indirect footprint resulting from the life-cycle of products we use. We at griintravel.com estimate the carbon footprint of your travel by asking distance travelled (and estimating the fuel required to travel such distance) as well as accommodation and activities undertaken (and estimating the electricity usage of different types of accommodation and activities).
Airline industry has numerous activities to reduce its carbon footprint. IATA also reports that air transport has reduced its fuel use and CO2 emissions per passenger kilometer by well over 70% compared to the 1960s. Although in 2012 passenger kilometer performed increased by as much as 5.3% and tonne kilometers performed by 3.3%, total emissions increased only 1.4% to 689 million tonnes of CO2, compared to 679 million tonnes in 2011.
Travelers may further reduce the impact of their travelers by offsetting the carbon footprint of their travel. Buying carbon credits to offset their carbon footprint means that they compensate their carbon footprint by supporting other activities that reduce carbon emissions. Purchasing carbon offsets will give financial support for projects that reduce the emission of carbon dioxide – generally renewable projects (solar power stations, wind farms, biomass power plants and many more), forestry projects, conservation projects as well as other projects that have been sanctioned and certified to achieve emission reductions. These Projects might not have taken place if not for the financial support provided by the carbon offset scheme.
Griintravel.com provides you with a tool to estimate the carbon footprint of your travel. And we offer a curated selection of high quality projects that are reducing emissions that you can support; you can buy their carbon credits to offset the carbon footprint of your travel.